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History: Sierra Club Timeline

1892 - Sierra Club founded on May 28 with 182 charter members. John Muir elected first President. In its first conservation campaign, Club leads effort to defeat a proposed reduction in the boundaries of Yosemite National Park.

1893 - The first Sierra Club Bulletin, forerunner of SIERRA magazine, is issued. U. S. President Benjamin Harrison establishes a 13 million-acre Sierra Forest Reserve. Club establishes an office in the California Academy of Sciences Building in San Francisco.

1894 - Sierra Club climbers place registers on the summits of six peaks and begin recording ascents.

1895 - John Muir and professors Joseph LeConte and William Dudley speak on preservation national parks and forest reserves at the Club's annual meeting. Muir urges the return of Yosemite to federal management.

1896 - Club publishes a map of Yosemite Valley and the central Sierra Nevada.

1897 - Club urges strengthening of public forest policy and supports U. S. Forestry Commission recommendations for additional "national forest parks," including Grand Canyon and Mt. Rainier. Membership reaches 350.

1898 - Club establishes an office in Yosemite Valley to aid and educate visitors; William Colby is attendant. Club urges establishment of parks to preserve coastal redwoods in California. Headquarters moves into Merchants Exchange Building in San Francisco.

1899 - Congress establishes Mt. Rainier National Park through legislation, based on a statement prepared by the Sierra Club and several other organizations.

1900 - Club assists in preserving the North Grove of Calaveras Big Trees.

1901 - In the Club's first outing, William Colby leads 96 participants on a trip to Yosemite Valley and Tuolumne Meadows, beginning a tradition of annual High Trips.

1902 - Sierra Club High Trip visits Kings Canyon.

1903 - President Theodore Roosevelt visits Yosemite with John Muir. High Trip to Kern Canyon includes an assent of Mt. Whitney by 139 Club members. LeConte Memorial Lodge built in Yosemite Valley in memory of charter member Joseph LeConte, Sr. Club office moves to Mills Building in San Francisco. Membership reaches 663.

1904 - Club first local outings begin in San Francisco.

1905 - In one of the Club's first conservation victories, the California Legislature agrees to return Yosemite Valley to federal management. Fifty-six members on the annual High Trip climb Mt. Rainier in the first Club outing outside of California.

1906 - San Francisco earthquake and fire destroys Club records and library. Club headquarters temporarily moved to Berkeley.

1907 - Club submits a resolution to the Secretary of the Interior opposing damming of Hetch Hetchy Valley. Club headquarters moves back into Mills Building in San Francisco.

1908 - Club membership reaches 1,000.

1909 - Club sponsors trail construction to make the High Sierra above Kings Canyon accessible.

1910 - Club advocates establishment of Glacier National Park. Devil's Postpile and Rainbow Falls are endangered by a proposed reservoir. Poll of members shows that the majority support Club's position on Hetch Hetchy.

1911 - Devil's Postpile National Monument established, largely through the work of Club member Walter Huber. Activists organize Club chapter in southern California, which later becomes the Angeles Chapter.

1912 - Club urges establishment of a National Park Service and buys inholdings at Soda Springs in Yosemite National Park.

1913 - Congress allows flooding of Hetch Hetchy Valley. Southern California Chapter builds Muir Lodge.

1914 - Last Sierra Club outing to Hetch Hetchy Valley. John Muir dies on December 24.

1915 - Club wins passage of California legislation appropriating $10,000 for construction of the John Muir Trail, the first of five such appropriations. Joseph LeConte, Jr., becomes Club's second President.

1916 - Club supports bill establishing National Park Service. Club member Stephen Mather is appointed National Park Service Director.

1917 - Club protests grazing in national parks as an unnecessary wartime measure.

1918 - Club urges enlargement of Sequoia National Park to include headwaters of Kings and Kern rivers. About 140 members serve in World War I.

1919 - Ansel Adams becomes custodian of LeConte Lodge in Yosemite Valley. Club supports formation of Save-the-Redwoods League.

1920 - Club opposes plan to build dams in Yellowstone National Park.

1921 - Club urges purchase of redwoods in California's Humboldt County for a state park.

1922 - Mt. Shasta Alpine Lodge is built by Club members.

1923 - Federal Power Commission rules against proposals to build hydroelectric dams on Kings River in the Sierra Nevada, in part due to effective Club protests. Club helps National Park Service purchase Redwood Meadow for inclusion in Sequoia National Park enlargement.

1924 - Club advocates establishment of a California State Park Commission and a statewide survey of land suitable for state parks. San Francisco Bay Chapter organized.

1925 - Club inaugurates a photographic collection for loan to educational and other institutions.

1926 - Congress adds Kern and Kaweah regions, including Mt. Whitney, to Sequoia National Park.

1927 - California legislature establishes a State Park Commission, with Sierra Club Secretary William Colby as its first chairman. Aurelia Harwood becomes Club President, the first woman to serve in that position.

1928 - Club contributes $1,000 toward purchase and donation to the National Park Service of a private inholding in Sequoia National Park.

1929 - Club works with San Francisco Bay Area conservationists to win establishment of Mt. Tamalpais State Park.

1930 - Membership reaches 2,537.

1931 - On annual High Trip, Club members Francis Farquahar and Robert Underhill introduce the use of rope and belaying techniques in rock climbing. They later lead first ascents on North Palisade, Thunderbolt Park, and east face of Mt. Whitney.

1932 - Club urges National Park Service to investigate Alaska's Admiralty Island as a national park. Winter Sports Committee organized. Club office moves to Mills Tower in San Francisco.

1933 - Muir Lodge destroyed by flood. Club advises Park Service in rebuilding Tioga Road in Yosemite National Park.

1934 - Club builds Clair Tappaan Lodge near Donner Pass and publishes A Guide to the John Muir Trail by Walter Starr.

1935 - Legislation introduced to establish Kings Canyon National Park; Club opposes a road into the area. Club supports legislation to create Olympic National Park and urges that the boundaries of Death Valley National Monument be extended.

1936 - Ansel Adams travels with his photographs to Washington, D.C., to lobby the Roosevelt administration to preserve Kings Canyon and the surrounding High Sierra.

1937 - Club opposes construction of a tunnel to divert water under Rocky Mountain National Park

1938 - Club protests proposal to dam Yellowstone Lake. John Muir Trail completed, and Club conducts first burro and knapsack outings. Club Directors meet with Interior Secretary Harold Ickes to support establishment of Kings Canyon as a wilderness national park.

1939 - Club produces its first film, Sky-Land Trails of the Kings, and publishes a booklet to promote establishment of Kings Canyon National Park. Club party climbs Shiprock in New Mexico.

1940 - Congress establishes Kings Canyon National Park. First Club base-camp outing.

1941 - Club helps enlarge Anza State Park in the California desert. Club film Skis to the Sky-Land encourages ski mountaineering.

1942 - Club contributes $2,500 toward Park Service acquisition of privately owned property on Tenaya Lake in Yosemite National Park.

1943 - Club successfully defends Jackson Hole National Monument and opposes repeal of the Antiquities Act, which allows establishment of national monuments. Outings are temporarily discontinued due to war.

1944 - Club seeks to protect sequoia trees in the South Calaveras Grove.

1945 - More than 1,000 Club members serve in the armed forces.

1946 - Club supports legislation to establish Joshua Tree National Monument. Club purchases Flora and Azlea lakes to protect one of the last natural areas near California's Donner Pass.

1947 - Club succeeds in campaign to preserve San Gorgonio Primitive Area and works to protect Olympic National Park and Jackson Hole National Monument. Club publishes first edition of The Sierra Club: A Handbook.

1948 - Club opposes construction of Glacier View Dam, which would flood 20,000 acres of Glacier National Park. Club successfully protests hydroelectric dams proposed for Kings Canyon National Park.

1949 - Secretaries of Interior and Army reject Glacier View Dam after a public hearing in which the Club is represented by Olaus Murie. Club campaigns to preserve South Calaveras Grove in the Sierra and Butano Forest in the Coast Range. At the suggestion of Director Norman Livermore, Club sponsors a High Sierra Wilderness Conference, the first of 14 biennial wilderness conferences.

1950 - Interior Secretary orders study of alternatives to damming Oregon's Rogue River. After a long battle by the Club, Congress enlarges Grand Teton National Monument. Atlantic Chapter, comprising 18 eastern states and the District of Columbia, becomes first Club chapter outside of California.

1951 - In a campaign viewed as a test of the integrity of national parks and a major challenge for the Sierra Club, Club decides to fight to protect Dinosaur National Monument from two dams proposed by the federal government; a special edition of the Sierra Club Bulletin covers the issue for members. At the 2nd Biennial Wilderness Conference, Howard Zahniser introduces the idea of legislative protection for wilderness areas.

1952 - Interior Secretary Oscar Chapman temporarily protects Dinosaur National Monument by ordering a study of alternative dam sites. David Brower becomes the Club's first Executive Director. Club protests as Los Angeles renews applications to build dams in Kings Canyon National Park.

1953 - More than 200 Club members take six-day raft trips down the Yampa and Green rivers in Dinosaur National Monument; Club produces Wilderness River Trail to promote Dinosaur's values. President Harry Truman adds 47,000 acres to Olympic National Park.

1954 - Secretary of the Interior Douglas McKay renews plan to build dams in Dinosaur National Monument; Club continues battle to save the park. River touring committee established. Club publishes Climber's Guide to High Sierra.

1955 - Dinosaur controversy continues, as do Club's efforts to publicize it. Alfred Knopf publishes This is Dinosaur, edited by Wallace Stegner, while the Club film Two Yosemites compares the damning of Hetch Hetchy to plans to dam Dinosaur.

1956 - Federal water developers drop plans to dam Dinosaur National Monument, but begin construction of Glen Canyon Dam. Club supports establishment of national wilderness system proposed by Senator Hubert Humphrey and Representative John Saylor. Club leads first outings to Washington's North Cascades. Sierra Club Council created. Membership reaches 10,000.

1957 - Club sponsors 5th Biennial Wilderness Conference on "Wildlands in Our Civilization." Wilderness Alps of Stehekin is filmed to publicize the North Cascades.

1958 - Outing Committee organizes the first service trips in which hikers work on trail maintenance and backcountry management projects. Club fails to prevent reconstruction of Tioga Road through Yosemite's Tenaya Lake area.

1959 - Sixth Wilderness Conference focuses on "The Meaning of Wilderness to Science." Participants raise the issue of the environmental effects of world overpopulation.

1960 - The Sierra Club Foundation established. Club's Exhibit Format Book Series launched with publication of This is the American Earth by Ansel Adams and Nancy Newhall. Club urges Forest Service to adopt a comprehensive system of land-use classifications and to hold public hearings on plans that would alter the wilderness character of national forest lands. Membership reaches 16,000.

1961 - Seventh Wilderness Conference discusses "The American Heritage of Wilderness," emphasizing the role of wilderness in molding the American character. Club opposes Project Chariot, a plan to use nuclear explosives to excavate a harbor in Alaska. Michael McCloskey hired as the Club's first field representative, serving the Northwest. William Colby is first recipient of the Club's John Muir Award.

1962 - Congress establishes Point Reyes and Padre Island national seashores to preserve endangered coastlines in California and Texas. Club publishes Elliot Porter's In Wildness is the Preservation of the World, the first color volume in the Exhibit Format Series.

1963 - Club launches campaign to protect the Grand Canyon following congressional proposals to dam and flood parts of it. Club Directors endorse proposal to seek a North Cascades National Park. Club opens Washington, D.C., office.

1964 - After years of battle, Congress passes the Wilderness Act, the first wilderness protection legislation in the world. Congress also creates the Land and Water Conservation Fund and provides for review of public land laws. Club advocates establishment of Redwood National Park and asks California Governor Pat Brown to complete acquisition of state redwood parks.

1965 - Club continues campaign to keep dams out of the Grand Canyon. Congress begins consideration of legislation to establish Redwood National Park. Library rededicated as William E. Colby Memorial Library. Membership reaches 33,000.

1966 - Club's full-page newspaper ads urging protection of the Grand Canyon prompt Internal Revenue Service to rule that donations to the Club are no longer tax-deductible. Ruling stimulates an outpouring of contributions. Redwood and North Cascades campaigns continue. Conservation Department established, with Michael McCloskey as director. Patrick Goldsworthy receives Club's first William Colby Award.

1967 - Club celebrates 75th Anniversary. Led by Club President Edgar Wayburn, Club Directors urge protection of natural areas in Alaska. First of the highly successful series of Sierra Club calendars published.

1968 - Club succeeds in campaigns to stop dams in the Grand Canyon and to establish Redwoods National Park. Congress enacts a Wild and Scenic Rivers System. San Rafael Wilderness in California becomes the first new area designated after passage of the Wilderness Act. Hike-in at Mineral King protests plan to develop a massive ski resort in the area. Club leads successful fight to expand the Land and Water Conservation Fund. Congress establishes North Cascades National Park, rewarding a long campaign in which Club played a key role.

1969 - Club wins suit to stop pollution in Lake Superior and joins a coalition on environmental groups opposing development of a jetport in Florida's Everglades. Michael McCloskey becomes Club's second Executive Director. Conservation Department begins publication of the National News Report.

1970 - Congress enacts the National Environmental Policy Act, establishes the Environmental Protection Agency, and denies funds for Everglades jetport. Club leads a coalition that defeats the National Timber Supply Act, which threatened old growth in the national forests. Membership passes 114, 000 and Club chapters cover all 50 states.

1971 - In a victory for a coalition that included the Club, Congress defeats funding for the supersonic transport (SST). Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act passes, granting the Secretary of Interior authority to set-aside up to 80 million acres in national-interest lands. Club proposals prompt Forest Service to inventory roadless areas in national forests. Club's International Program begins operation. Inner City Outings Program established. Sierra Club Legal Defense Fund founded.

1972 - Club leads defeat of legislation that would overhaul public land laws to favor commodity interests. Congress authorizes a system of marine sanctuaries and designates the Golden Gate and Gateway East National Recreation Areas. Water Pollution Control Act passes over President Nixon's veto. Club lawsuit leads to a ban on domestic use of DDT. Club leads campaign that convinces Interior Secretary Rogers Morton to set aside 83.4 million acres of national-interest lands in Alaska. Western Canada becomes first Club chapter outside United States. Club representatives attend first Conference on the International Environment in Stockholm Sweden.

1973 - Club launches campaign to defend the Clean Air Act against auto industry opposition. After years of effort, the Highway Trust Fund is opened to permit funding of mass transit. A lawsuit by Club and other conservationists spurs a court to declare clearcutting illegal in national forests in West Virginia. Club pushes Congress to pass the Ports and Waterways Safety Act following a massive oil spill at entrance to San Francisco Bay.

1974 - Club successfully lobbies to establish Big Cypress Thicket Preserve in Texas and Big Cypress Preserve in Florida. Congress passes wilderness legislation for several eastern states, protecting 250,000 acres. Army Corps of Engineers abandons plan for a 44-mile levee at the confluence of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers.

1975 - With Club support, Congress passes legislation promoting energy conservation. Hells Canyon National Recreation Area established. Club lawsuit broadens applicability of the National Environmental Policy Act to U.S. actions having marine and international impacts. Club sponsors International Earthcare Conference in New York. Club wins long-sought additions to Grand Canyon National Park and blocks transfer of several national wildlife ranges from the Fish and Wildlife Service to other agencies. Club headquarters moves to 530 Bush Street in San Francisco.

1976 - Club wins campaign to repeal obsolete land disposal policies and establish a wilderness review program for the Bureau of Land Management's 341 million acres. Club promotes passage of the National Forest Management Act, which offers greater protection for national forests. Club lawsuits temporarily preserve parts of Admiralty Island in Alaska and block the proposed Kaiparowitz Powerplant in Utah. Club supports passage of the reform Coal Leasing Act and establishment of a 303,508-acre Alpine Lakes Wilderness in Washington. Sierra Club forms a political action committee, called Committee on Political Education (SCCOPE), in order to become involved in election campaigns.

1977 - Club joins successful effort to strengthen the Clean Air Act. Club leads a coalition to preserve Alaska's national-interest lands and persuades President Jimmy Carter to support a national gas pipeline route that avoids the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Campaign to control stripmining abuses culminates in passage of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act.

1978 - Club wins a 48,000-acre addition to Redwood National Park, protecting the watershed of the Earth's tallest trees. Congress passes Representative Phillip Burton's Omnibus Parks Bill, which includes Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area, Pinelands National Reserve, eight wild and scenic rivers, and the addition of Mineral King to Sequoia National Park. Club works for a passage of the Endangered American Wilderness Act, preserving 1.3 million acres. Club supports reform of offshore oil and gas leasing laws.

1979 - Following the nuclear accident at Three Mile Island, Club calls for phased closure of all commercial reactors. Club activists work to improve wilderness proposals made in Forest Service study of roadless areas in national forests. Club co-sponsors City Care Conference on the urban environment with the National Urban League. Club helps develop National Forest Management Act regulations for forest planning.

1980 - Congress passes Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act designating more than 103 million acres of parks, wildlife refuges, and wilderness areas. Congress also preserves more than four million acres of wilderness in the lower 48 states. Club supports successful "Superfund" legislation to clean up toxic waste dumps and helps defeat a proposed Energy Mobilization Board, which would have allowed waiver of environmental laws. SCCOPE brings Club into electoral campaigns for the first time.

1981 - Sierra Club and other conservation groups gather more than one million petition signatures urging the ouster of Interior Secretary James Watt. Conservationists and local citizens join forces to prevent deployment of the MX missile in the Great Basin. Club helps block oil and gas leasing off the California coast. Membership passes 200,000.

1982 - Club helps block effort to weaken the Clean Air Act. Environmentalists push Congress to stop Reagan administration from selling public lands and allowing energy exploration and development in wilderness areas. Club members involved in more than 170 congressional races and 150 state and local contests; Club-backed candidates win 80% of the rates. Membership reaches 325,000.

1983 - Club holds its first International Assembly in Snowmass, Colorado. Galveston Superport lawsuit reaffirms that environmental impact statements must consider all potential adverse effects. Another lawsuit compels the Forest Service to comply with state regulation of aerial herbicide spraying. A court responds to Club and Native American concerns and prevents road construction through proposed Siskiyou Wilderness in California. Following a decade of effort by the Club, Congress terminates funding for the Clinch River Breeder Reactor. James Watt resigns as Interior Secretary.

1984 - Congress passes wilderness bills that protect 6.8 million acres in national forests and 1.4 million acres in national parks. Congress reauthorizes the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act requiring safety in the manufacture, storage, transportation and disposal of toxic materials. Club wins lawsuit requiring EPA to regulate release of radioactive pollutants. Other lawsuits uphold Wild and Scenic River designation for five California rivers and protect provisions of a California farmland protection program.

1985 - Club successfully supports reauthorization of strengthened Superfund law and Clean Water Act. Congress passes farm legislation with measures to protect wetlands and highly erodible land. Congress axes funding for the environmentally destructive Synthetic Fuels Corporation. Congress establishes the Clifty Wilderness in Kentucky, and enlarges several wilderness areas in Texas. Douglas Wheeler appointed Executive Director; Michael McCloskey becomes Club Chairman. Club moves headquarters to 730 Polk St. in San Francisco.

1986 - Club helps win congressional designation of 270,000-acre Columbia Gorge National Scenic Area and supports enactment of a 76,000-acre Great Basin National Park in Nevada. Congress passes wilderness legislation for national forest areas in Georgia, Nebraska and Tennessee. Water resources funding bill passes Congress with reforms sought by environmentalists. Legislation introduced to designate wilderness and national parks in the California Desert.

1987 - Congress passes reauthorization and expansion of the Clean Water Act over veto by President Reagan and designates wilderness areas in Michigan and Virginia. In a move opposed by the Club, EPA extends air pollution compliance deadlines for some urban areas by as much as 25 years. Joint Canada-U.S. Great Lakes water quality agreement expanded to address the impacts of toxic air pollution. Merced, Kings, and Kern rivers in Sierra Nevada win Wild and Scenic River protection. Forest Service agrees to protect 112 eastern rivers pending congressional action. Interior Secretary Donald Hodel proposes draining Hetch Hetchy Reservoir. Michael Fischer appointed Executive Director.

1988 - Club awards Clean Air medals to 270 congressional representatives for their efforts on behalf of clean air legislation, and the EPA releases a study showing that 135 million American live in communities that fail to meet air pollution standards. NASA official tells Congress that the greenhouse effect is influencing global climate. Congress reauthorizes the Endangered Species Act, adds parts of 40 rivers in Oregon to the National Wild and Scenic River System, and designates new wilderness areas in Alabama, Montana, Oklahoma, and Washington. President Reagan vetoes the Montana bill. Club celebrates John Muir's 150th birthday.

1989 - Club runs full-page ad in The New York Times condemning Exon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound, Alaska, North America's largest spill to date. Club presses World Bank to withdraw $500 million loan to Brazil, killing plan to build 147 dams and flood large areas of Amazon. Northern spotted owl listed as threatened, highlighting plight of ancient forests in Pacific Northwest. Nevada Wilderness Bill enacted, protecting 733,000 acres in that state.

1990 - Strengthened Clean Air Act enacted by Congress in spite of veto threat by President George Bush, thanks to Sierra Club campaign.

1991 - Club helps defeat Johnson-Wallop energy bill, which would allowed drilling in Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Petroglyphs National Monument near Albuquerque, New Mexico, signed into law after Club campaign.

1992 - Club begins its second century. Carl Pope named Executive Director.

1993 - After a decade-long Club campaign, Colorado Wilderness bill enacted.

1994 - California Desert Protection Act signed into law, after an eight-year Club campaign. Quebec abandons James Bay Project, which the Club had fought for many years. The Planet launched to replace National News Report.

1995 - Club delivers over a million signatures on Environmental Bill of Rights to defend against the "War on the Environment" waged by Republican-led Congress.

1996 - Club's Utah wilderness campaign helps pressure President Clinton to create Escalante-Grand Staircase National Monument, protecting 1.7 million acres. Club wins Clean Air lawsuit in Colorado over pollution in Mt. Zirkel Wilderness requiring $145 million in power plant emissions controls and $4 million in penalties - a record settlement for a citizen suit. Proposal to build Auburn Dam in American River in California defeated in Congress. Club headquarters moves to 85 2nd St. in San Francisco.

1997 - Sierra Club heads off congressional attempts to weaken Endangered Species Act. Club lawsuit victories in California, Delaware, Georgia and Kansas force states and EPA to impose pollution limits in key watersheds. Sierra Club book, The Fate of the Elephant, by Douglas Chadwick, and lobbying lead to passage of Asian Elephant Conservation Act. Sierra Club Training Academy opens, has first graduates.

1998 - Club's "Clean Air for Our Kids" campaign leads to adoption of tougher air quality standards to protect human health. Club campaign focuses on state control of pollution. Club in Wisconsin gets state to adopt moratorium on hardrock mining, which blocks proposed Exxon copper mine on Wolf River. Club convinces states to regulate highly polluting confined animal feeding operations (CAFOs) in Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Carolina, and South Dakota.

1999 - Club protests global trade without adequate environmental controls, and joins with Amnesty International in publishing Environmentalists Under Fire: 10 Urgent Cases of Human Rights Abuses. After campaign by Sierra Club and Amnesty International, Russian environmental activist Alexander Nikitin acquitted of espionage charges and set free. Special funding allows new Youth in Wilderness Program to promote nature awareness among economically disadvantaged young people. President Clinton, upon urging by Club, announces moratorium on roadless development and Wild Forest initiative that could protect up to 60 million acres of national forest wildlands. Honorary Sierra Club President Edgar Wayburn presented Medal of Freedom by President Clinton.

2000 - Club campaign results in President Clinton designating national monuments to protect giant sequoias threatened by logging in the Sierra Nevada, the Hanford Reach, a 51-mile stretch of the Columbia River and the only free-flowing stretch left, along with Canyon of the Ancients in Colorado, Ironwood Forest in Arizona, Cascade-Siskiyou in Oregon, Grand Canyon-Parashant in Arizona, Agua Fria in Arizona, Coastal Rocks & Islands in California, and Pinnacles National Monument expansion in California.

2001 - Outgoing President Clinton moves to protect 60 million acres of wild national forests, including the Tongass National Forest in Alaska. The Sierra Club was the leading force in the campaign to protect these forests. Incoming President Bush then put the protection on hold. The EPA announced that General Electric must pay to clean PCBs from the Hudson River. The Club had long sought such a clean-up. Dade County decided not to fight to build an airport near the Everglades and Biscayne Bay national parks. Protecting these parks had been the focus of a Club campaign for several years.

2002 - A bill was signed into law protecting nearly 500,000 acres of Mojave Desert wilderness in southern Nevada. Another enacted wilderness bill added about 57,000 acres to areas in central California. A court in Utah agreed with the Sierra Club that the proposed Legacy Highway near Salt Lake City was not properly evaluated before it was permitted, halting construction. The U.S. Senate rejected a proposal to open the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to oil drilling. The state of California led the nation in enacting legislation to further control automobile emissions.

2003 - Club leads effort to defeat an anti-environmental federal energy production bill that would have subsidized a new generation of nuclear and coal-fired power plants.

2004 - Club and allies block proposals to allow oil and gas development in Montana's Rocky Mountain Front and the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Club also blocks attempt to lift moratorium on oil leasing off California, Florida and the East Coast.

2005 - Club legal victory forces Bush administration to abandon plans for a logging project on the Grand Canyon's north rim. Club holds first-ever Sierra Summit - a national convention and exposition.

2006 - Club lawsuit succeeds in protecting Giant Sequoia National Monument from Bush administration plan to allow commercial logging.

2007 - Club encourages Congress to pass a Renewable Energy Standard that requires utilities to produce 15% of their power from clean, renewable energy by 2020.

2008 - Club continued its string of successes, stopping construction of 68 new coalfired power plants. Club wins injunction to block wolf-killing in Idaho, Montana and Wyoming.

2009 - Club secured the protection of 2 million acres of natural spaces, helped pass new clean-car standards, stopped more than 110 dirty coal plants, took more than 90,000 kids on their first fishing trip, and together celebrated our National Park heritage with a hugely successful PBS documentary by Ken Burns.

2010 - A year of amazing accomplishments and effective work to hold polluters accountable. Check out our video highlighting just a few of these tremendous victories--from fighting mountaintop removal coal mining, to promoting clean energy and getting kids outdoors.

2011 - The Club's Beyond Coal Campaign received a $50 million gift from Bloomberg Philanthropies, more than 12,000 citizens surrounded the White House in opposition to the proposed Keystone XL tar sands pipeline, and roadless protections were reinstated on the Tongass National Forest, the nation's largest, home to the largest temperate rainforest on earth. See highlights of these and more on this year's video.

2012 -- Influenced by Club petitions and member support, the U.S. Department of the Interior releases plan to protect 11 million acres of the Western Arctic Reserve from oil and gas drilling. This is the largest administrative lands conservation action in over 30 years.

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