Sierra Club Home Page   Environmental Update  
chapter button
Explore, enjoy and protect the planet
Click here to visit the Member Center.         
Take Action
Get Outdoors
Join or Give
Inside Sierra Club
Press Room
Politics & Issues
Sierra Magazine
Sierra Club Books
Apparel and Other Merchandise
Contact Us

Join the Sierra ClubWhy become a member?

Planet Main
Back Issues
Search for an Article
Free Subscription
In This Section
Table of Contents

The Planet
January/February 1999 Volume 6, Number 1


Why Canada Reversed Its Ban on MMT (and Other Important Trivia)

1. Sierra Club president Chuck McGrady was an attorney in Georgia when he joined the organization in 1979. What is his current occupation?
(a) director of a summer camp for boys
(b) political science professor
(c) president of an alternative energy cooperative

2. Which city was named most sprawl-threatened in the Sierra Club report "The Dark Side of the American Dream"?
(a) Chicago
(b) Atlanta
(c) St. Louis

3. It used to be that 16 million wild salmon came into the Northwest's Columbia Basin to spawn each year. How many wild salmon come in to spawn there now?
(a) 250,000
(b) 3 million
(c) 8 million

4. How many dams are between the sea and the salmon spawning grounds on the upper reaches of the same river?
a. 8
b. 5
c. 3

5. True or False?
A woman's education level isn't connected to the number of children she has.

6. Rising global temperatures could be linked to (pick as many as apply):
(a) an increase in rattlesnakes in Northern California
(b) below-freezing temperatures in Iowa in June
(c) droughts in Hawaii

7. Why did Canada reverse its law banning the suspected neurotoxin MMT, a gasoline additive that reduces engine knocking?
(a) The Canadian Parliament decided that the problem of engine knocking had to be solved no matter what the cost.
(b) Ethyl Corp. of Virginia, which manufactures MMT, paid Canada's health-care bills for six months in exchange for a lifted ban.
(c) Ethyl sued Canada for $250 million under provisions of NAFTA. Canada, expecting defeat, reversed the ban, and paid Ethyl $13 million in damages.

8. The pollution in Lake Superior is so bad that there's a limit on the number of fish from there it's safe to eat. How many are you allowed in one month?

9. During the years leading up to the Clean Air Act of 1990, industry leaders claimed that reducing sulfur dioxide emissions would cost $1,500 a ton. How much did such reductions end up costing?
(a) $1,000 a ton
(b) $300 a ton
(c) less than $100 a ton

10. How many times was the Sierra Club named in an Aspen Institute survey of members of Congress and White House officials as the most effective voice on environmental issues?
(a) none
(b) 13
(c) 64

11. How many times was the National Association of Manufacturers named in the same survey?
(a) none
(b) 13
(c) 64

12. The federal public estate includes national parks, national forests, wildlife refuges, wilderness areas and more. How big is your share of these lands?
(a) 2,600 square feet
(b) 0.7 acres
(c) 1.6 acres
13. How can mailing a postcard keep the rattlesnake population from exploding? (Hint: see question 6)
(a) Contact Steve Pedery at (202) 547-1141 or and ask for a packet of the "earthrise" cards (shown above).
(b) Send the postcards, which support higher miles-per-gallon standards for cars and trucks and other measures to combat global warming, to your friends.
(c) Make sure your friends sign and mail the cards to their senators.
1. (a)
2. (b)
3. (a)
4. (a)
5. False: The more education a woman has the more likely she is to use birth control.
6. (a), (b) and (c)
7. (c)
8. one
9. (c)
10. (c)
11. (b)
12. (c)
13. (a), (b) and (c) in sequence

Go on to the next article, "Margin Notes."
Up to Top