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Index


  • Adenostema fasciculatum, heathlike shrub, its influence on the physiognomy of Sierra landscapes, 142.
  • Age of trees, pine, 69, 104, 107, 108, 114, 275; libocedrus, 118; juniper, 124; fir, 275, 276; sequoia, 260, 275-280, 297, 299.
  • Alaska, plants and animals of, 7-11.
  • Alpenglow, 74.
  • Apple, wild, 22, 23.
  • Aspen, 131
  • Aster, 164
  • Avalanches, snow, 27, 251-255; rock, 140, 259.
  • Azalea, 146, 181, 303.
  • Axe clearings, 101.
  • Bear-hunters, 353; Duncan, 179; David Brown and his dog Sandy, 181.
  • Bears, 28, 52, 57, 144, 314; food of Sierra, 172,; interviews with 174, 177; tracks, 178; and sheep, 185.
  • Beaver, 16, 25, 53.
  • Beaver, mountain, 201.
  • Beaver meadows, 23, 37.
  • Birds, of the Yosemite Park, 213.
  • Blackberries, 24.
  • Bogs, 139, 166.
  • Brodia, 23, 155.
  • Bryanthus, 148.
  • California, floweriness of, 137.
  • Calochortus, 23, 145.
  • Calypso borealis, 7, 23.
  • Camassia, 156.
  • Campanula, 282.
  • Camping, 56, 133, 161, 163.
  • Cañon, the Grand, of the Colorado, 35; Yellowstone, 49; Merced, 259; Tuolumne, 259.
  • Cañons of the Sierra, 83.
  • Cassiope, 147.
  • Cathedral Peak, 90.
  • Ceanothus, 145.
  • Cedar, incense, 116; red, 123, 273.
  • Chambatia foliolosa, a forest carpet, 143.
  • Chaparral, 142, 144, 146.
  • Cherry, 23, 146.
  • Chestnut, 22.
  • Chinquapin, 146.
  • Chipmunk, 196.
  • Climates of the Sierra, 138, 160, 161, 164.
  • Clintonia, 18, 23.
  • Clouds, 77, 164, 276, 281.
  • Colds, 133.
  • Coyote, 194.
  • Crow, Clarke, 228.
  • Crystals, 161.
  • Currants, 24.
  • Cypripedium, 156.
  • Daisy, 94, 149.
  • Danger, 28, 57, 133, 184, 208.
  • Deer, 189, 315.
  • Deserts, 6.
  • De Soto, 71.
  • Diver, great northern, 227.
  • Dog, Carlo, 175; Sandy, 181.
  • Dogwood, flowering, 22, 130.
  • Douglas, David, in forests of Oregon, 110.
  • Duck-hunters, 353.
  • Ducks, 226.
  • Dwarf willow, 94.
  • Eagle, 228.
  • Earthquake, 261; ancient, 265; taluses, formation of, 260; influence on cañon scenery, 265.
  • Emerson, his visit to Yosemite and the Mariposa Grove of Big Trees, 131, 235.
  • Eriogonum, 149, 166.
  • Erythronium, 23, 31.
  • Farm lands of Washington and Oregon, 24, 25.
  • Ferns, 149, 160; Woodwardia, 149; Pteris, 150; Pellaea, five species of, 151; Cryptogramme, 151; Phegopteris, 151; Cheilanthes, three species of, 152;
  • Adiantum, two species, 152.
  • Fir. See Silver fir.
  • Floods, 256.
  • Floral cascades, 159.
  • Flower beds of the Sierra, 142.
  • Flowers, of pine, spruce, fir, and hemlock, 168, 169; sequoia, 284.
  • Forest fires, 297, 307, 335, 352, 356-359.
  • Forest picture, 302.
  • Forest Reservations, Rocky Mountain, 15; Pacific Coast, 19, 31, 34; opposition to, 24, 360; wildness of, 24.
  • Forest Reserve, Black Hills, 13; Bitter Root, 16; Flathead, 17; Sierra, 31; Grand Cañon, 34.
  • Forest sepulchres, 64.
  • Forests, growing interest in, 2, 5, 33; of the Cascade Mountains, 22; fossil, 60; of the Yellowstone Park, 67; Sierra, 80, 98-136; Giant, of the Kaweah, 300; of the Tule River, 318; American, 331; destruction of, 336, 344; influence on streams, 337, 346, 359; management of, 337-365; redwood ( Sequoia semper-virens ), 347-352.
  • Fountains of the Sierra, 241, 245.
  • Fritillaria, 23, 156.
  • Frogs, 211.
  • Frost crystals, 165.
  • Gardens, wild, of California, 5; the East, 6; Alaska, 7; Black Hills, 14; Rocky Mountains, 18, 19; Cascade Mountains, 23, 30; Sierra, 137-142; forest 155; cliff, 157; wall, 159; pot-hole, shadow, alpine, 160; winter, 161; meadow, 163; sky, Mono, and tree, 167.
  • Gaultheria, 23, 350.
  • Geese, 225.
  • General Grant National Park and tree, 298.
  • Gentians, 94, 142, 164.
  • Geyser basins, 43, 44.
  • Geyser craters, 46.
  • Geysers, 38, 41, 43, 53; distribution of, 55.
  • Giants of Sierra forests, 108; Western, 116.
  • Glacial action, 84, 92, 96, 138.
  • Glacial and post-glacial denudation, 84, 89.
  • Glacial period, 64, 65, 78, 96, 242.
  • Glacier lakes, 78, 95.
  • Glacier landscapes, 65, 91.
  • Glacier meadows, 37, 163.
  • Glacier monuments, 84.
  • Glacier pavements, 83, 84-86.
  • Glacier sparrow, 231.
  • Glaciers, 19, 30, 64, 78; of the Sierra, 95; ancient Tuolumne, 88, 90.
  • Goat, wild, 24, 29.
  • Gold, influence of, 11, 361.
  • Goldenrods, 17, 142, 164.
  • Gray, Asa, 33.
  • Great Basin, the, 94.
  • Grouse, 215.
  • Hackmatack, 18.
  • Hawks, 228.
  • Hayden, F. V., his work exploring the Yellowstone region, and getting it set apart as a national park, 39.
  • Hazel, 23, 146.
  • Hazel Green, 81.
  • Heathworts, 23, 147.
  • Hemlock, mountain, 125, 170.
  • Home-going, 98.
  • Honeysuckle, 142, 147.
  • Hooker, Sir Joseph, 33.
  • Hothouses, natural, 161.
  • Hot springs, 38, 41, 43, 54.
  • Huckleberries, 24.
  • Hulsea, 167.
  • Hunters and trappers, 51, 58.
  • Indian summer, 165, 283, 316.
  • Indians, 24, 51, 263; their orchards, 105; hunting grounds, 14, 122, 193; tame, 317.
  • Johnson, Dr., on the trees of Scotland, 108.
  • Joliet and Father Marquette on the upper Mississippi, 71.
  • Juniper, western, 123, 273.
  • Lakes, McDonald, 18; Avalanche, 19; Yellowstone, 47, 70; Mono, 94, Tahoe, 48; Tenaya, 86.
  • Landscapes, new, 8; changes in, 4; of the Sierra, 87.
  • Landslip, 287.
  • Larch, western, 18; Lyall, 18.
  • Lark, meadow, 238.
  • La Salle, 71.
  • Lewis and Clark, 28.
  • Library, geological, 59.
  • Light, 82, 165.
  • Lightning, 276.
  • Lilies, 23, 153, 155, 350.
  • Linna borealis and companions, 18, 50.
  • Lizards, 204.
  • Log houses, 288, 305, 320.
  • Loggers, 29.
  • Lumbering in the Sierra, 100.
  • Man influence on landscapes, 4.
  • Manzanita, 143.
  • Maple, 22, 130.
  • Mariposa tulip, 155.
  • Marmot, 17, 199.
  • Meadows, glacier, 37, 163; in sequoia woods, 296, 302.
  • Monardella, 282.
  • Moneses, 18.
  • Monument, the Glacier, 87.
  • Mosses, 22.
  • Mt. Rainier, 30; Amethyst, 60, 73; Washburn, 66; Dana, 90, 93; Lyell, McClure, Gibbs, 90; Hoffman, 161.
  • Mountaineering, 285, 306.
  • Mountains, the Western, 2; new, 4; Cascade, 19; Olympic, 19; Rocky, 12-18, 37, 38; Sierra, 76.
  • Mud, 44.
  • Mule, Brownie, 285, 295, 301; his prayer, 318.
  • Names, 58.
  • Nature, 56, 73, 97, 332; laboratories of, 44.
  • Night air, 133.
  • Nights, 165
  • Nuts, pine, 103.
  • Oaks, California black, 128; gold-cup live-oak, 128.
  • Orchids, 23, 156.
  • Ousel, water, 29, 52, 238.
  • Owens River water, 246.
  • Parks, national, of the West, 12; Mt. Rainier, 30; Yellowstone, 37; Yomesite, 76; animals of, 172, 201; birds, 213; General Grant and Sequoia, 298, 328, 329; management of, 40, 351.
  • Petrified forests, 38, 60.
  • Phlox, 94.
  • Pika, 162, 201.
  • Pine, yellow, 13, 112, 115; contorted, lodge-pole, Murray, two leaved, tamarack, 15, 18, 67, 68, 83, 121, 122; mountain, 18, 108; Sabine, 102; hard cone (attenuata), 103; dwarf, 106; sugar, 100, 109; nut, 105; white, 68, 105.
  • Plover, 227.
  • Plum, 23.
  • Polemonium, alpine, 167.
  • Poplar, 130.
  • Primrose, shrubby, 147.
  • Prospectors, 289, 352.
  • Pyrola, 18.
  • Quail, mountain, 219; valley, 222.
  • Railroads in western forests, 357.
  • Rain, 26.
  • Raspberries, 24.
  • Rat, wood, 201.
  • Rattlesnakes, 28, 57, 206.
  • Redwood, 100, 268.
  • Reservations, See Forest Reservations.
  • Rhododendron, 23, 146, 350.
  • Ribes, 282.
  • River, the Yellowstone, 48; Mississippi, 71; Columbia, 73; Missouri, 73; Colorado, 73; Tuolumne, 95, 258; Merced, 95, 258; San Joaquin, 95.
  • Rivers, 37; Sierra, 242.
  • Riverside trees, 130.
  • Robin, 236.
  • Rock ferns, 149.
  • Rose, 23, 147, 282.
  • Rubus, 147.
  • Sage-cock, 214.
  • Salmon berries, 24.
  • Sandhill crane, 227.
  • Sanger Lumber Co., 298.
  • Sarcodes, 281.
  • Sawmills, in sequoia woods, 292, 298, 299, 319, 351.
  • Scenery, habit, 2, 3; best, care-killing, 17; cañon, 259, 266.
  • Seed collectors, 101.
  • Seeds of conifers, 120.
  • Sequoia ditches, 291.
  • Sequoia gigantea, 268; cones, 274; age, 275; death, 276; groves in spring, 281; summer, 282; autumn, 283; winter, 283; studies, 285; seedlings, 297; young trees, 288, 296; oldest, 297; size of, 294, 322; durability of wood, 291; gum, 292; groves of Yosemite Park, 109; Mariposa Grove, 286, 328; Fresno Grove, 287-292; Dinky Grove, 293; forests of Kings River, 295; Kaweah and Tule river basins, 300, 314, 316; distribution of, 322, 325; permanence of the species, 323; influence on streams, 324, 329.
  • Shake-makers, 298, 353.
  • Sheep, wild, 194; hoofed locusts, 317, 318, 352.
  • Shepherds, 33, 185, 293, 317.
  • Sierra climate, change of, 324.
  • Silex pavements, 46.
  • Silver fir, alpine, 31, 68, 170; magnificent, 83, 118, 170; white, noble, grand, and lovely, 119, 170.
  • Snow, 26, 247.
  • Snow avalanches, 251.
  • Snow plant (Sarcodes), 156, 281.
  • Snowstorms, 249, 283.
  • Soil, 65, 67; moraine, 100, 138; crystal, 140, 161; earthquake boulder, 140, 259.
  • Sparrow, the glacier, 231.
  • Spira, 142.
  • Spiritual world, the, 74.
  • Springs, 244, 245; soda, 247.
  • Spruce, Engelmann, 14, 68; Douglas, 19, 22, 68, 100, 116; Sitka, 170.
  • Squirrels, 19, 52, 192, 194, 274, 284.
  • Storms, 267.
  • Streams of the Sierra, 241, 246, 248; in spring, 256; in summer and autumn, 257.
  • Sunflowers, crystal, 162.
  • Swamps, 7.
  • Talus, earthquake, 140, 259.
  • Tamarack, 18.
  • Thoreau, his description of the pistillate flowers of the white pine, 169; on the destruction of trees and shrubs, 356.
  • Torreys, 131.
  • Tourists, 21, 27, 53.
  • Trapper, 57.
  • Travel, modern, 1, 50, 56.
  • Tree flowers, 168; how best to see them, 165.
  • Tree gardens, 167.
  • Trout, 18, 48, 67, 211.
  • Tumion, 131.
  • Tundra, Alaska, 7.
  • Vaccinium, 18, 94, 148.
  • Valley, Central, of California, 5, 137.
  • Violets, 142, 281.
  • Volcanic cones, 30, 94.
  • Volcanic rocks, 60.
  • Volcanic storms, 61.
  • Volcanoes, 30; mud, 51.
  • Water, action of, on soilbeds, 138.
  • Water, Owens River, 246.
  • Waterfalls, Yellowstone, 49; Kaweah, 300.
  • Wildness, 2; unchangeable, 4.
  • Willow, dwarf, 94.
  • Wind, action of, on soilbeds, 139.
  • Woodchuck, 199.
  • Woodpeckers, 233, 282.
  • Wood-rat, 201.


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