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Steep Trails

California - Utah - Nevada - Washington - Oregon - The Grand Canyon

by John Muir


1    Wild Wool
2    A Geologist's Winter Walk
3    Summer Days at Mount Shasta
4    A Perilous Night on Shasta's Summit
5    Shasta Rambles and Modoc Memories
6    The City of the Saints
7    A Great Storm in Utah
8    Bathing in Salt Lake
9    Mormon Lilies
10    The San Gabriel Valley
11    The San Gabriel Mountains
12    Nevada Farms
13    Nevada Forests
14    Nevada's Timber Belt
15    Glacial Phenomena in Nevada
16    Nevada's Dead Towns
17    Puget Sound
18    The Forests of Washington
19    People and Towns of Puget Sound
20    An Ascent of Mount Rainier
21    The Physical and Climatic Characteristics of Oregon
22    The Forests of Oregon and Their Inhabitants
23    The Rivers of Oregon
24    The Grand Canyon of the Colorado
25    Notes

Steep Trails

California - Utah - Nevada - Washington - Oregon - The Grand Canyon


John Muir

Editor's Note

The papers brought together in this volume have, in a general way, been arranged in chronological sequence. They span a period of twenty-nine years of Muir's life, during which they appeared as letters and articles, for the most part in publications of limited and local circulation. The Utah and Nevada sketches, and the two San Gabriel papers, were contributed, in the form of letters, to the San Francisco Evening Bulletin toward the end of the seventies. Written in the field, they preserve the freshness of the author's first impressions of those regions. Much of the material in the chapters on Mount Shasta first took similar shape in 1874. Subsequently it was rewritten and much expanded for inclusion in Picturesque California, and the Region West of the Rocky Mountains, which Muir began to edit in 1888. In the same work appeared the description of Washington and Oregon. The charming little essay "Wild Wool" was written for the Overland Monthly in 1875. "A Geologist's Winter Walk" is an extract from a letter to a friend, who, appreciating its fine literary quality, took the responsibility of sending it to the Overland Monthly without the author's knowledge. The concluding chapter on "The Grand Canyon of the Colorado" was published in the Century Magazine in 1902, and exhibits Muir's powers of description at their maturity.

Some of these papers were revised by the author during the later years of his life, and these revisions are a part of the form in which they now appear. The chapters on Mount Shasta, Oregon, and Washington will be found to contain occasional sentences and a few paragraphs that were included, more or less verbatim, in The Mountains of California and Our National Parks. Being an important part of their present context, these paragraphs could not be omitted without impairing the unity of the author's descriptions.

The editor feels confident that this volume will meet, in every way, the high expectations of Muir's readers. The recital of his experiences during a stormy night on the summit of Mount Shasta will take rank among the most thrilling of his records of adventure. His observations on the dead towns of Nevada, and on the Indians gathering their harvest of pine nuts, recall a phase of Western life that has left few traces in American literature. Many, too, will read with pensive interest the author's glowing description of what was one time called the New Northwest. Almost inconceivably great have been the changes wrought in that region during the past generation. Henceforth the landscapes that Muir saw there will live in good part only in his writings, for fire, axe, plough, and gunpowder have made away with the supposedly boundless forest wildernesses and their teeming life.

William Frederic Bade
Berkeley, California
May, 1918


The Crest of the Wahsatch Range From a point about four miles north of Salt Lake City, Utah. From a photograph by Herbert W. Gleason

At Shasta Soda Springs A view of Mossbrae Falls, where a subterranean stream coming down from the glaciers of Mt. Shasta breaks through the vegetation and flows into the Sacramento River. From a photograph by Herbert W. Gleason

Mount Shasta after a Snowstorm A view from the west, near Sisson. From a photograph by Pillsbury's Pictures, Inc.

Mormon Lilies The plant is known in Utah as the Sego Lily, and in California and elsewhere as the Mariposa Tulip (Calochortus Nuttallii). From a photograph by Herbert W. Gleason

Along the Oregon Sea Bluffs A view near the town of Ecola, Oregon. From a photograph by Herbert W. Gleason

O'Neill's Point A favorite point of observation overlooking the Grand Canyon Of Arizona. Now called by the Indian name, Yavapai Point. From a photograph by Herbert W. Gleason


The electronic text for Steep Trails was acquired from the Project Gutenberg server (Etext #326, dated September 1995). Harvey Chinn converted it from plain ASCII text to HTML format for the John Muir Exhibit.

The original e-text version as downloaded from Project Gutenberg is available here in two forms. The description of Project Gutenberg and the required legal small print from that version are also available.

[ Steep Trails was] Transcribed by Judy Gibson, of Descanso, California, USA, from a book in the collection of the San Diego Natural History Museum, used by the courtesy of the San Diego Society of Natural History.

Note from the transcriber:

A phrase Muir uses that readers might doubt: "fountain range," by which he means a mountainous area where rain or snow fall that is the source of water for a river or stream downslope. So it is not a typographical error for "mountain range"! Another odd phrase is "(something) is well worthy (something else)" rather than "well worth" or "well worthy of." He uses this at least twice in this work. -- jg

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