In Photography Is the Preservation of the World
In Wildness showed the forest still enchanted, outside of historical time and within the cyclical time of the seasons. Only one image, of a mud swallows nest built against raw planks, betrays traces of human presence at all, and that presence is slight and benign. In many ways a hopeful book, In Wildness was not only a document, but a promise: that unspoiled nature still existed, and represented what the future could hold. Despite its lyrical celebration of the timeless and nonhuman, Porters first book was widely recognized as a political one. Politics is ultimately about what we value and fear, and environmentalism is about what is worth protecting, as well as what threatens it. In Wildness spoke directly of these thingsthat photographs of blackberries, birds, and streams can be politically and philosophically persuasive because a love of nature can be inculcated through beauty, and that such love can lead to political action.
"Photography is a strong tool," Porter once wrote, "a propaganda device, and a weapon for the defense of the environment . . . and therefore for the fostering of a healthy human race and even very likely for its survival." In David Brower and the Sierra Club, Porter met a man and an organization that had long put the aesthetic to political use in a way no other environmental group had. Porter served two terms on the organizations board of directors, and the books he published with Brower helped make the Sierra Club a visible force nationwide. In his next book, The Place No One Knew: Glen Canyon on the Colorado, Porter revealed a landscape that had been at least as pristine as those of In Wildness, but which by the time of publication was irrevocably lost: the labyrinthine gorges drowned by Glen Canyon Dam. The book was an argument for preventing further dams in the Colorado River canyons. Porter portrayed Glen Canyon as a gallery of stone walls in reds, browns, and grays and of gravel-and-mud floors through which water flowed, occasionally interspersed with images of foliage and, rarely, the sky. It was much more radical than In Wildnessformally, in its compositions; politically, in the directness of its advocacy; and conceptually, in its depiction of an imminent catastrophe that would have been unimaginable a century before. Beautiful images, particularly photographs, and most particularly landscape photographs, are usually invitations of a sort, but this one was the opposite: a survey of what could no longer be encountered, a portrait of the condemned before the execution. The beauty of the pictures was inflected by information from outside the frame; all this was being drowned.
Even in rendering such an extraordinary place and crucial moment, Porters close-up scale emphasized the ordinary. Balanced Rock is a landmark, an outstanding and unusual feature of the landscape. But Porters Near Balanced Rock Canyon shows grayish river-rounded rocks on a yellow bedrock surfacea quotidian scene near the unseen, exceptional one. Of course, this image was made to be viewed in the context of other, more spectacular images of Glen Canyon, and this serial approach changes the expectations for each photograph: They need not all be prima ballerinas, each straining for the sensational, but together form a corps de ballet. Near Balanced Rock Canyon also suggests that ordinary rocks are important enough, that we can love a place for its blackberries or its stream ripples, not just for its peaks and waterfalls.
"Much is missed if we have eyes only for the bright colors," Porter wrote. "Nature should be viewed without distinction. . . . She makes no choice herself; everything that happens has equal significance. Nothing can be dispensed with. This is a common mistake that many people make: They think that half of nature can be destroyedthe uncomfortable halfwhile still retaining the acceptable and the pleasing side." In turning this credo into art, Porter transformed what we see and what we pay attention to. His photographs have come to embody what we look for and value in the natural world, what the public often tries to photograph, and what a whole genre of photography imitates. The work is so compelling that it eventually becomes how we see and imagine, rather than what we look at. Porters pictures of nature look, so to speak, "natural" now. We live in a world Porter helped invent.
This article was adapted from the publication The Color of Wildness, ©2001 by the Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, Texas, courtesy of Aperture Foundation Inc., 2001, a not-for-profit foundation dedicated to promoting photography. For more information about the book, call (800) 929-2323 or visit www.aperture.org. A traveling exhibition by the same title will open at the Carter in December 2002, then move to the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C. (May 3 to July 27, 2003), the Orlando Museum of Art in Florida (September 6 to November 23, 2003), and the Portland Museum of Art in Maine (January 22 to April 4, 2004).
This is the second in a series of three Sierra articles about nature photography. "Celebrating 100 Years of Ansel Adams" appeared in our January/February issue. Well explore new directions in landscape photography in early 2003.
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