Biographical Timeline of John Muir's Life
1838 April 21, birthday of John Muir, born in
1841 Began school at the age of three.
1849 Immigration to
at the age of 11.
1860 Left home (22 years of age) to
exhibit his inventions
at State Agriculture Fair
, Wisconsin; brief jobs; enrolls at the
University of Wisconsin.
University of Wisconsin
for 2-1/2 years (5 tri-semesters),
teaches school during the winter, forms friendship with the Carr's.
1863 Left the University; foot tour of Wisconsin,
worked for manufacturer of carriage parts.
1867 Eye injury. Begins 1000 mile walk to
and then to
: landed in
March 28, and walked
across the valley; worked at ranch of Pat Delaney.
1869 Summer sheep herder in high Sierra; returned to live in
work for Hutchings, to operate saw mill; began exploration for signs
1871 Met Emerson in Yosemite.
1872 Began to publish articles in leading magazines.
1873 Continuous residence in Yosemite ended.
1874 Met the Strentzels in Alhambra Valley.
1875 Lived in Bay Area writing magazine articles; trips to mountains;
1879 Proposed to Louie Strentzel; First
trip with S. Hall Young;
, Muir Glacier.
1880 April 14: marriage of John Muir (42) and Louie Strentzel (33);
Second trip to
Alaska, adventure with
1881 John Swett bought ranch adjoining Muir holdings. Birth of Wanda Muir;
railroad built; third trip to Alaska aboard the Corwin.
Construction of mansion.
1882 Beginning of extensive ranching period.
1886 Birth of Helen Muir.
1888 Trip to
; editor and contributor of
1890 Alaska trip to Muir Glacier; death of Dr. Strentzel; Muir family move
becomes a National Park.
1892 Founding of the
, end of ranching career for John Muir.
1893 Trip to
with William Keith.
Mountains of California
1898 Death of Mrs. Strentzel.
Mt. Rainier National Park
established; member of Harriman Alaska Expedition.
Our National Parks
1903 Theodore Roosevelt visited Yosemite.
1904 World tour.
1905 Helen ill, Adamana,
becomes a national monument; death of Louie Strentzel
Muir, August 6.
1906 San Francisco earthquake, repair of house, marriage of Wanda to Thomas
Grand Canyon National Park
Fight to save
My First Summer in the Sierra
The Story of My Boyhood and Youth
1910 Helen married Buel Funk.
(73 years old.)
1914 December 24: death of John Muir of pneumonia in a Los Angeles Hospital.
A Thousand Mile Walk to the Gulf,
Travels in Alaska,
Cruise of The Corwin
1916 Congress creates
National Park Service
1942 Death of Wanda Muir Hanna, 60 years.
1964 Death of Helen Muir Funk, 78 years.
1964 John Muir House declared a
National Historic Site
, land acquisition
completed in 1966.
1982 John Muir House is 100 years old.
1988 John Muir 150th Birthday Year Celebration.
April 21st annually proclaimed
John Muir Day
by California Governor, bill 476.
1992 John Muir House is 110 years old.
See Also detailed Chronology of the Life and Legacy of John Muir
1838 Born April 21 in Dunbar, Scotland.
1849 Emigrates to Wisconsin.
1860 Exhibits inventions at Wisconsin State Agriculture Fair.
1861 Enters the University of Wisconsin.
1863 Leaves University of Wisconsin.
1867 Temporarily blinded by eye injury. Once his sight is restored, decides to commit his life to nature study.
Sets out on a 1,000-mile walk from Kentucky to the Gulf of Mexico.
1868 Travels to California. Visits Yosemite and the Sierra Nevada, ³the most divinely beautiful of all the moun-tain
chains I have ever seen.²
1871 Undertakes intensive study of glaciation in the Sierra. Ralph Waldo Emerson visits him in Yosemite.
1874 Begins series of articles entitled ³Studies in the Sierra,² which launch his successful writing career.
1879 First of many visits to Alaska.
1880 Marries Louie Wanda Strentzel, April 14; moves to Martinez, California, to help manage family orchard
1890 Succeeds in campaign to create Yosemite National Park.
1892 Helps found Sierra Club to ³do something for wilderness and make the mountains glad.² President until
his death in 1914.
1903 Tours Yosemite with President Roosevelt.
1904 Completes trip around the world.
1911 Travels to South America and Africa.
1913 Loses campaign to save Hetch Hetchy Valley in Yosemite.
1914 Dies December 24, in Los Angeles.
Source: Sierra Club
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