Sierra Magazine: Explore, enjoy and protect the planet.

green technology, venture capitalists, clean-tech entrepreneurs

When venture capitalist Matthew Nordan steps onto the MIT campus, he's looking for future all-stars of green energy. He knows he's got to find people with stamina, since investing in youngsters working on clean-tech solutions can take a decade or longer to pay off.

"It's like picking the NBA draft of 2020 by watching today's middle schoolers," says Nordan, the vice president of Venrock, a firm established in the 1930s as the Rockefeller family's venture arm.

For investors in eco-power, there aren't quick flips like there are in, say, social media. "You don't have the Facebooks, the Instagrams," says William Aulet, director of the Martin Trust Center for MIT Entrepreneurship (and himself a former pro basketball player). Along with time, lots of money is needed to usher a green-energy investment from concept to product to market. The average clean-tech company raises about $8 million in first-round financing (though a few flush start-ups skew that number high), says Nordan. Dot-coms, by comparison, launch for around $3 million, according to the National Venture Capital Association.

Investing in clean tech is risky too: The sector suffers a higher failure rate than other venture-backed industries, says Amy Francetic, director of the Clean Energy Trust, a Chicago nonprofit that finds seed money for start-ups.

Given all this, why would scouts spend time stalking colleges' environmental engineering clubs when they could be poaching from the computer science department?

"Over history," Aulet says, "the greatest fortunes have been made in the energy sector."

In their hunt for the cash-worthiest clean-tech minds, VCs subsidize university research labs, judge business-pitching contests, and haunt hubs like MIT's Energy Club. That's where Nordan met an MBA candidate named Vanessa Green. "She backed me into a corner and gave me the pitch," Nordan recalls. "I'd already spent time around her and felt she could change the world." The result: He steered $1.8 million into the company that Green now helms, OnChip Power, which is developing technologies to make LEDs more efficient.

Green remembers that many of her MIT peers had what she calls "changing-the-world goals." But she's quick to add that very few entrepreneurs who come out of the academic world try to start companies with planet-saving as their main focus.

Green, 30, who also cofounded the nonprofit Community Water Solutions to help water-treatment start-ups in developing countries, says she's driven by the idea of starting something that could make a difference. Still, she admits that she's not a pure altruist and that neither are most successful clean-tech entrepreneurs: "By the time they get VC funding, it's too late for that. If you take money, you know you've got to meet a bottom line."

Aulet agrees: "A VC's job is to return for their partners. They're not a church or a 501(c)(3). That's the government's job. That's other people's job."

At least one high-profile clean-tech investor, however, seems more interested in fixing the world than in cashing out, and his name dominates the field: Vinod Khosla. A cofounder of Sun Microsystems and a former partner at the prestigious VC firm Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, Khosla shifted his focus from investing in software, where he made his billions, to betting on green.

"Vinod has a vision of being able to make money on sustainability—but he's also idealistic and wants to make the world better," says Peter Meinhold, a founder of Gevo, which converts methane into methanol using biological methods. Meinhold attracted Khosla's attention—and millions of his dollars—while still a grad student at Caltech.

Meinhold, too, sees himself as a bit of an idealist. "When I started the company, I saw the chance to impact how the world moves forward in a positive way," he says. "Things don't just happen. Inventors shape the world."


Illustration by Timothy J. Reynolds; sticky note: iStockphoto/alubalish


DIY Cellphone Holder
Turn a plastic bottle into a stylish charging station.

Drop Out?
Eden Full is saving the world without a degree.

Stay In?
Simi Olabisi's senior project gets new life.



Share this page on FacebookShare this page on TwitterShare this page with email

Cool Schools Home

Slideshow: The Top 10 Coolest Schools

America's Greenest Colleges: The Complete List

Pimp Your Dorm Room

Does College Matter? Dropping Out vs. Staying In

Video: The Best Internship on Earth


Sierra Club® and "Explore, enjoy and protect the planet"® are registered trademarks of the Sierra Club. © 2024 Sierra Club.
The Sierra Club Seal is a registered copyright, service mark, and trademark of the Sierra Club.